Beyond Intellectual Property explores the many means by which information is protected. Based on thorough empirical research as well as practical experience of economic innovation, it goes far beyond the traditional realm of IP. It also identifies the need for urgent reform of present arrangements and suggests practical ways of achieving this. New instruments for protecting investments in information have been historically important for initiating long-wave economic cycles. William Kingston argues that although IP has been one such method, it is increasingly proving ineffective because its laws have been progressively shaped by the interests that benefit from them, rather than by visions of the public good. He demonstrates that repair will require such visions, which would also underwrite radically new forms of information protection. This insightful book defines, describes and distinguishes between information, knowledge and meaning, and explains why information now needs changed forms of legal protection if it is to be of economic value. As such, it will be of great interest to economic policy-makers, students of IP and innovation, patent agents and attorneys.