In Cancer on Trial Peter Keating and Alberto Cambrosio explore how practitioners established a new style of practice, at the center of which lies the cancer clinical trial. Far from mere testing devices, these trials have become full-fledged experiments that have redefined the practices of clinicians, statisticians, and biologists. Keating and Cambrosio investigate these trials and how they have changed since the 1960s, all the while demonstrating their significant impact on the progression of oncology. A novel look at the institution of clinical cancer research and therapy, this book will be warmly welcomed by historians, sociologists, and anthropologists of science and medicine, as well as clinicians and researchers in the cancer field. "Keating and Cambrosio have made a major contribution to this area and scholars of any stripe working on cancer or biomedicine, and even the further-flung fields of statistics and molecular biology, will benefit from reckoning with its insights."--Robin Wolfe Scheffl er, Yale University "Medical History "