In this groundbreaking analysis of the intersection of racial politics and American foreign policy, the author critically examines the roles played by former U.S. Secretary of State, Colin Powell and current Secretary of State (and former National Security Advisor), Condoleezza Rice in the construction of U.S. foreign policy under the George W. Bush administration, and how their racial identity challenges conventional notions about the role of race in international relations. Lusane argues that, despite their reluctance to be seen as racial figures, Powell and Rice have employed race strategically, using it in key circumstances to defend Bush administration policies. Criticism of their policies is blunted by race, as black liberals may be reluctant to condemn them due to a misplaced hope that leads to unrealistic expectations, and white liberals may be afraid that their criticism could be interpreted as racial bias. For their part, conservatives of both races use the presence of Powell and Rice to argue that a colour-blind society has arrived. Clarence Lusane tackles these difficult issues along with others, asking whether there is a black consensus on foreign policy and if so, what are its dimensions, driving forces, and prospects for stability? How can a progressive alternative to the current U.S. foreign policy be realised? Are Powell and Rice merely functionaries, or did they substantially determine the direction of U.S. foreign policy? What will be their legacies?