This is the latest addition to Routledge's highly successful A-Z Contemporary Cultures Series: ten national and regional encyclopedias. The Encyclopedia covers the period 1953, with the death of Stalin, to the present day. Both 'Russian' and 'Culture' are defined broadly. 'Russian' refers to the Soviet Union until 1991 and the Russian Federation after 1991. Given the diversity of the Federation in its ethnic composition and regional characteristics, questions of national, regional, and ethnic identity are given special attention. There is also coverage of Russian-speaking immigrant communities. 'Culture' embraces all aspects of culture and lifestyle, high and popular, artistic and material: art, fashion, literature, music, cooking, transport, politics and economics, film, crime, and much else, are covered, in order to give a full picture of the Russian way of life and experience throughout the extraordinary changes undergone since the middle of the twentieth century. The Encyclopedia is an unbeatable resource on recent and contemporary Russian culture and history for students, teachers and researchers across the disciplines. Apart from academic libraries it is expected that, as with other volumes in the series, the reference will be widely acquired by larger public libraries. Accessibly written, it will also be of value for travellers and business people. Entries include cross-references and the larger ones include bibliographies. There is a full index.