The "Encyclopedia of the Developing World" is a comprehensive work on the historical backdrop and current status of developing countries. Containing more than 750 entries of 500 to 5,000 words in length, the Encyclopedia is an international resource on development. The focus of this work is on the post 1945 period when the old colonial structures in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East crumbled and elsewhere, as in China, Japan, and Latin America, the traditional elite structure had been replaced by something new. Development is defined broadly, addressing not only economics but also civil society and social progress. Entries detail the historical challenges to development and describe the progress made within geographic regions and within individual countries. Entries range from factual narratives, such as country descriptions and biographies, to thematic interpretations and analytical discussions of timely topics like global trading patterns, and a combination of all three, such as overview articles on the history and economic development of a particular region. The "Encyclopedia" covers the history, economic development, and politics of the developing world from 1945 to the present, providing the reader with a reliable, up-to-date view of the current state of scholarship on the developing world. Composed by over 250 international scholars from a wide range of fields including finance, religion, anthropology, geography, environmental science, law, global business, human rights, ethics, and refugee studies, the "Encyclopedia of the Developing World" is an essential reference for a broad-based overview of issues, events, and theories of the developing world.