Is Turkey ready for the European Union, and is the European Union ready for Turkey? This timely publication comes at a period of unprecedented transformation in Europe. Turkey is making great progress in internal modernisation and engagement and has come to adopt a moderate Islamic government, whose actions Europeans and others in the West are watching keenly as a possible future model for countries in the Middle East, but the key political and emotive question is: can 'Europe' include a Muslim giant? Are Europe and Islam compatible? Does Turkey's future lie as a potential member of the European club or instead as a mere privileged partner? This book is a multi-disciplinary attempt to illuminate the dimensions of the challenge from different perspectives. It's contributors include academics and analysts, politicians and practitioners from Turkey, all over Europe and beyond. It's breadth, depth and relevance will make it a useful reference, not only for academics and policy-makers but also for all those concerned with the future of Europe and Europe's relations with the Islamic world.