In Europe today, HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, and care are needed more than ever. HIV incidence - steady in western and central Europe, and dramatically increasing in eastern Europe - remains a major challenge to public health in the 21st century. With more than two million people living with HIV/AIDS in the WHO European Region, no country has been spared. This book tells the story of HIV/AIDS in Europe from a broad variety of perspectives: biomedical, social, cultural, economic and political. "HIV/AIDS in Europe: Moving from Death Sentence to Chronic Disease Management" describes how, from the first documented cases in 1981 to the present era of antiretroviral management, controlling the human immunodeficiency virus in Europe has proven elusive. Yet while antiretroviral therapy lets many HIV-positive Europeans lead normal lives, the vast majority of the Region's infected residents continue to face the disease unarmed. This volume not only analyses the past and surveys the present, but suggests how to move towards two fundamental goals: providing universal access to treatment; and halting the spread of HIV/AIDS.