The Hungarian Revolution of October 1956 was the most important armed rising against the USSR during the Cold War. The spontaneous demonstrations by students and workers were joined by Hungarian soldiers, and the first Soviet troops sent in to crush the insurgence were forced to withdraw. However, after a brief hopeful pause, stronger Soviet forces invaded again, bring with them tanks, paratroopers and NKVD units. The rebels were crushed. Published to mark the 50th anniversary of this uprising, this book uses new sources and provides an interesting reassessment five decades after the revolution.