Understanding the dynamics of the illiberal practices of liberal states is increasingly important in Europe today. This book examines the changing relationship and interaction between immigration, citizenship and integration at the European and national arenas. It studies some of the main effects and open questions as regards the comprehensiveness of the exchange and coordination of diverse public responses on the mobility and inclusion of third country nationals in Europe. As well as their compatibility with a common European immigration policy driven by a rights-based approach and the respect of the principles of fair and equal treatment of third country nationals. It reviews key national experiences regarding immigration and citizenship laws, the use that they are making of integration and the 'moving of ideas' between national arenas. The constructed framing of integration into immigration and citizenship law and the ways in which policy convergence is being achieved through the EU Framework on integration, raises a number of conceptual dilemmas and a set of definitional premises in need of reflection and consideration. These dilemmas and premises might put social inclusion and liberty at stake in the Union.