The perception of pain in the mind of dental patients is a significant deterrent to regular dental attendance. Control of this pain and anxiety is, therefore, a treatment issue central to the clinical practice of dentistry. This textbook covers both local anesthesia and sedation comprehensively, and offers practical instructions for the dental student. It provides a theoretical framework based on the anatomy, physiology and pharmacology of pain and anxiety control. The book offers comprehensive coverage of pain and anxiety management for conscious dental patients; control of operative, perioperative and post-operative pain in dentistry; describes all aspects of local anesthesia and sedation in dentistry; provides a rational approach to the prescription of drugs; practical guidance and instruction on techniques; over 150 photographs and 50 line diagrams. The book covers local anesthesia including inhalational, intravenous sedation, control of post-operative pain, management of non-dental oro-facial pain and management of medical emergencies related to pain control. The chapters covering the basic principles of dental local anesthetic injections and intraligamentary, intra-osseous and intrapulpal anesthesia are unique.