Plants have provided all the basic needs of man ever since his birth and evolution. Plants are the sources of food, medicine, fuel, fibre and others. Plants have been associated with the health of mankind from time immenmorial and also the important source of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization. In the past, sickness was viewed as a punishment from God, and hence was treated with prayers and rituals. India has been a traditional exporter of medicinal plants for the past several decades and ranks as one of the foremost supplier of medicinal plants in the world. The importance of traditional medicine and medicinal plants is slowly gaining ground. Traditional remedies in India not only gaining ground. Traditional remedies in India not only offer an affordable health care system; but also hold immense potential for the international market in this age of patents and intellectual property rights.