The European Union will begin accession negotiations with Turkey in October 2005. With over half of EU legislation devoted to agriculture and food, and about 70 percent of the EU budget going to agriculture and low-income regions, agriculture, food, and rural issues will play a major role in the negotiations. This context raises questions such as: what will be the main challenges of EU membership for Turkey? What changes ill membership mean for Turkey's agricultural sector and rural population? This book presents a comprehensive description of Turkey's agricultural, food and rural sectors, focusing on institutional arrangements, performance and economic prospects and explores the possible consequences of accession, both for Turkey and the European Union.