Urinary Stone Diseases: The Practical Guide to Medical and Surgical Management is a compendium of contemporary views on the development, treatment, and prevention of urinary stone disease. Emphasis is placed on utilizing current research to highlight areas of potential discovery and inspire novel approaches to easing the burden of urinary stone disease. In Section I - Background, highly respected researchers present urinary stone disease nomenclature, history of instrumentation, genetics, stone formation theories, and stone structure and compositional analyses. Section II, Metabolism, gives specific attention to calcium and oxalate, stone inhibitors, crystallization modulators, hormonal influence, associated systemic disease, and the effects of diet. Section III, Presentation, presents issues of particular importance to the practicing physician, including imaging of urinary stone disease, physician safety, treatment of acute renal colic, and anatomical considerations in the urinary stone patients. Section IV, Treatment, outlines disease management options and considerations, including ureteral stents, anesthetic considerations, potential complications of urinary stone surgery, shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and laparoscopic approaches.