The growing role of chemistry, combined with the contribution of chemical and pharmaceutical industries to the science of mankind, are continuously advancing. The system for training researchers in the various areas of chemistry has maintained a largely traditional and single disciplinary focus, although many investigators have broadened their selection of research techniques to encompass organized and integrated programs. As a multidisciplinary, Chemical Biology is one of the fastest expanding areas of science during this century. The interdisciplinary study of molecules in living systems at a health science campus aids the integration of the traditional disciplines of chemistry and biology. This is achieved through understanding the molecular mechanisms of biological processes, which provides the opportunity to manipulate them in a defined and predictable way. Looking forward to the next century, we will witness many more remarkable achievements within Chemistry with its application to different fields, resulting in countless benefits to human health and standards of living.