This bok provides a comprehensive analysis of the economic value of Mediterranean forests. Using the "total economic value" framework, it addresses not only market benefits, such as timber, but also the public goods and externalities that such forests provide. The book includes national-level case studies of 18 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It provides a unique data source for the region and a methodology that can be applied to other parts of the world. At the policy level, it also provides guidelines for improved sustainable forest management.